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“The people never give up their liberties, but under some delusion.”  ~ Edmund Burke

These days there are a lot of misinterpretations of the Constitution. You see it even in the Supreme Court with the Citizens United ruling and the ruling several years ago that gave Wal-Mart eminent domain to tear down houses to build a store. The reason given was the public uses Wal-Mart property. That reason has nothing to do with eminent domain because Wal-Mart is not part of the commons owned and bought by the people.

As to the Tea Party Webster Griffin Tarpley noticed something concerning the enumerated powers stated in the Constitution. I first took notice of this during the tax protest movement of the 1990’s. I agree with his observation.

In the Tea Party and elsewhere there is this idea going around about the enumerated powers and since as Webster points out the Obama group has a contempt for the Constitution its then up to those like him to point this out.

Their line goes something like this that most of the things the Federal Government does is unconstitutional because it is outside the scope of the enumerated powers.

Something important to note here Webster caught it that there was no complaint under Bush this misuse when it was a question of civil liberties, dictatorships or foreign wars but now it does as it pertains to economic depression and how the average man is systematically being stripped of his wealth. Their doctrine goes something like this that if it is not stated in the enumerated powers the government can’t do it period. Well let’s look at the Constitution.

Article I Section 8 of the Constitution has the enumerated powers which are 17 things Congress has the power to do. The enumerated club or theory says that’s all Congress is able to do. Anything that’s not included on that list is unconstitutional and prohibited. It is imperative to understand that is never the way the Constitution has been interpreted nor was its intent. You see after those 17 paragraphs that say what the Congress shall have the power to do there is the 18th paragraph which we call the elastic clause which is the most sweeping clause of all the powers clauses. The clause reads: “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”

Well what could be those other powers be? The answer to that is contained within the preamble which states the purpose of the Federal Government including the “more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessing of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

The founding fathers realized they could not encompass everything or every situation that would come up in the future; situations or circumstances that the 17 clauses or enumerated powers could not cover. They wrote the 18th to include any remedy necessary to preserve what is stated in the preamble and is therefore open-ended.

Most people are unaware of this even those in the Tea Party who proclaim the Constitution; their ignorance of the Constitution is quite appalling. Now because of that what we are seeing is a radical attitude that according to Tarpley and I agree is to impose an interpretation of the Constitution which is pre-civil rights era, pre-New Deal, pre-Populist era, pre-Civil War and actually pre-Jeffersonian. It’s a view of the Constitution as it never functioned. For example Jefferson was a true believer in the enumerated powers theory. As I was taught in school years ago Jefferson broke with the enumerated powers section of the Constitution to make the Louisiana Purchase from the French. This was a once in a lifetime chance so Jefferson ignored those 17 and went with the 18th clause to close the deal. The 18th clause comes under inherent powers.

The United States is a sovereign nation and so needs flexibility capable to fulfill its needs or it is not a sovereign state. Without the 18th clause the country would not be able to get out of depression and would guarantee dictatorship and war. For example we need a recovery program but the crackpot fringe screams that’s not part of the enumerated powers. Well the response is that’s an inherent power as the government needs the power to insure the economic life for the country. The war on the middle class is just that in question today; that question being how will the economic life of the country be maintained, either a thriving middle class or slavery through and propagated by an oligarchy? This is what the general welfare clause and other clauses are all about and contained therein.

Let us move to the implied powers. This is where Alexander Hamilton is very strong. It is Hamilton’s Industrial policy under the authority of the implied powers that gave the American middle class the right to exist and protections over other societies and nations; to be protected from job extraction to China and India or invasion from illegal aliens that will debase pay scales and benefits at home.

Unlike Jefferson Hamilton and Washington endorsed a bank of the United States as long as it was part of the government controlled by the Treasury and not a private bank which the bankers always fought to get then as now because they wanted and now have complete money power over the people but that’s another story.

In conclusion, to invoke the enumerated powers theory is to deny the Washington and Jefferson administrations. It is to throw out the policies and protections that create a successful middle class and force the fortunate few to pay their fair share. To create those things that would attempt to equalize the money power. Wall St. and the rich are using their money power against the middle class to destroy it in order to feed their greed and bring us back to the society of Charles Dickens. They like to believe and promote a United States history that never was, an anti historical utopian fantasy suitable for people who have absolutely no idea of what their thinking. Remember there was never a time when they operated with enumerated powers.

John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 1801-1835 a real patriot addressed this very subject when he wrote his opinion that says, “Let the end be legitimate. Let it be within the scope of the Constitution and all means which are appropriate which are plainly adapted to that end and which are not prohibited but are consistent with the letter and spirit of the Constitution are constitutional.” He also adds the Constitution is not a creature of the state. Nullification and such schemes was thrown out by Marshall in 1819 not to mention what happened between 1861-1865 a little matter called the Civil War.

All this denial of American history comes from a far lunatic outer space fringe that harkens back to the foreign doctrine of the Austrian school propagated by the Von Hayek, feudal autocrats, petty noblemen from old washed up empires to quote Tarpley. Beware of those who would throw out American history as it really was.

These people represented by the Republican Party and their Democratic allies are not conservatives they’re right wing radicals who are at war with true history and those who fought to gain an equal footing with the fortunate few in order to create for the middle class a deserved paycheck compatible with the cost of living along with a comfortable retirement.

Those for advancement of the American condition who were on the side of implied powers were such men as:

· Alexander Hamilton

· John Marshall

· George Washington

· Andrew Jackson

· Abraham Lincoln

· Theodore Roosevelt

· Franklin Roosevelt

· Harry Truman

· Eisenhower

· John Kennedy

· Even Thomas Jefferson was on board when circumstances called for implied power through the elastic clause of paragraph 18.

How extraordinary it is to see those like half truth Limbaugh and Glen Beck have opinions about this as Beck comes up with incredible outlandish distortions of history. For example he had a program in which he attempted to rehabilitate Calvin Coolidge; can you believe it of all people?

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From terrorism to theft, rape, trespassing, murder, gangs, disease; this invasion of failed cultures from around the world is testimony that we have been sold out by politicians that don’t give a damn about our country. The Constitution is not a suicide pact. If we are so callous as the propaganda ministry in Washington constantly says we Americans are then let’s take a look at one country across the border to see how we Americans are treated by them and stop voting for local and federal politicians that don’t do the same.

Here’s what the Southwest Bell Director told the Arctic Beacon about the tough immigration policies when he and his wife attempted to work in Mexico, as well as relating some other strange things going on south of the border:

I spent five years working in Mexico. I worked under a tourist visa for three months and could legally renew it for three more months. After that you were working illegally. I was technically illegal for three weeks waiting on the FM 3 approval.

During that six months our Mexican and U.S. Attorneys were working to secure a permanent work visa called a FM 3. It was in addition to my US passport that I had to show each time I entered and left the country. Barbara’s (my wife) was the same except hers did not permit her to work.

To apply for the FM 3 I needed to submit the following notarized originals — not copies — of my:

1. Birth certificates for Barbara and me.

2. Marriage certificate.

3. High school transcripts and proof of graduation.

4. College transcripts for every college I attended and proof of graduation.

5. Two letters of recommendation from supervisors I had worked for at least one year.

6. A letter from The St. Louis Chief of Police indicating I had no arrest record in the U.S. and no outstanding warrants and was “a citizen in good standing.”

7. Finally; I had to write a letter about myself that clearly stated why there was no Mexican citizen with my skills and why my skills were important to Mexico. We called it our “I am the greatest person on earth “letter. It was fun to write.

All of the above were in English that had to be translated into Spanish and be certified as legal translations and our signatures notarized. It all produced a folder about 1.5 inches thick with English on the left side and Spanish on the right.

Once they were completed Barbara and I spent about five hours accompanied by a Mexican attorney touring Mexican government office locations and being photographed and fingerprinted at least three times. At each location (and we remember at least four locations) we were instructed on Mexican tax, labor, housing, and criminal law and that we were required to obey their laws or face the consequences. We could not protest any of the government’s actions or we would be committing a felony.

We paid out four thousand dollars in fees and bribes to complete the process. When this was done we could legally bring in our household good that were held by US customs in Laredo, Texas. This meant we rented furniture in Mexico while awaiting our goods.

There were extensive fees involved here that the company paid. We could not buy a home and were required to rent at very high rates and under contract and compliance with Mexican law. We were required to get a Mexican drivers license. This was an amazing process. The company arranged for the licensing agency to come to our headquarters location with their photography and finger print equipment and the laminating machine.

We showed our US license, were photographed and fingerprinted again, and issued the license instantly after paying out a six dollar fee. We did not take a written or driving test and never received instructions on the rules of the road. Our only instruction was never give a policeman your license if stopped and asked. We were instructed to hold it against the inside window away from his grasp. If he got his hands on it you would have to pay ransom to get it back.

We then had to pay and file Mexican income tax annually using the number of our FM 3 as our ID number. The company’s Mexican accountants did this for us and we just signed what they prepared. It was about twenty legal size pages annually. The FM 3 was good for three years and renewable for two more after paying more fees.

Leaving the country meant turning in the FM 3 and certifying we were leaving no debts behind and no outstanding legal affairs (warrants, tickets or liens) before our household goods were released to customs. It was a real adventure and if any of our senators or congressmen went through it once they would have a different attitude toward Mexico.

The Mexican Government uses its vast military and police forces to keep its citizens intimidated and compliant. They never protest at their White House or government offices but do protest daily in front of the United States Embassy. The US Embassy looks like a strongly reinforced fortress and during most protests the Mexican Military surround the block with their men standing shoulder to shoulder in full riot gear to protect the Embassy.

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Another Observed Proof

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The Ole’ Sew

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  1. Sew an action, and you reap a habit.
  2. Sew a habit, and you reap a character.
  3. Sew a character, and you reap a destiny.
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Why only ball sports are kept popular by the media

“A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species exercise, I advise the gun. While this gives a moderate exercise to the body, it gives boldness, enterprise, and independence to the mind. Games played with the ball and others of that nature, are too violent for the body and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun therefore be the constant companion of your walks.” -Thomas Jefferson to his 15 year old ward and nephew in 1785

The greatest writer of the early American republic and the greatest exponent of natural rights and the dangers of government power was Thomas Jefferson. It is no wonder then that Jefferson has been so aggressively vilified by the partisans of political correctness. Jefferson was likewise disdained by many in the 19th and early 20th century as well as now who, quite correctly, saw his ideas as an obstacle to the large national regime they wished to build.

Jefferson taught his nephew Peter Carr: “nothing is so mistaken as the supposition that a person is to extricate himself from a difficulty, by intrigue, by chicanery, by dissimulation, by trimming an untruth, by an injustice. It is of great importance to set a resolution, not to be shaken, never to tell an untruth.”

“There is no vice so mean, so pitiful, so contemptible and he who permits himself to tell a lie once, finds it much easier to do it a second and third time, till at length it becomes habitual, he tells lies without attending to it. This falsehood of tongue leads to that of the heart, and in time depraves all its good dispositions.”

However, this article is about another Jeffersonian virtue, which those in government has attempted to destroy: the virtue of arms, and all that it entails about the relationship between the people and their government.

In the same 1785 letter to nephew Peter Carr (who was also Jefferson’s ward). Jefferson advised the fifteen-year-old about building character through the shooting sports: “A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species exercise, I advise the gun. While this gives a moderate exercise to the body, it gives boldness, enterprise, and independence to the mind. Games played with the ball and others of that nature, are too violent for the body and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun therefore be the constant companion of your walks.”

Jefferson’s views on the importance of arms for youth remained strong two decades later as expressed in his 1818 Report of the Commissioners of the University of Virginia: “the manual exercise, military maneuvers, and tactics generally, should be the frequent exercise of the students, in their hours of recreation.”

It might not have surprised Jefferson to learn that a people who never learned to hunt while growing up, and whose main connection with sports was watching them as passive spectators through a passive medium (television), might not develop the boldness and independence of mind to want real independence and responsibility in their own lives. Instead, they would prefer the comfortable servitude of a nanny police state run by those who would control us.

Of course the benefits of early training in arms extended to more than good character. As Jefferson pointed out to Giovanni Fabbroni in 1778, the Americans had a lower casualty rate than the Redcoats. “This difference is ascribed to our superiority  in taking aim when we fire: every soldier in our army having been intimate with his gun from his infancy.

Even so, Americans were not as well armed as Jefferson wished. The only book Jefferson ever wrote was Notes on the State of Virginia (1782), in which he explained the arms shortage that had developed during the Revolutionary War: “The law requires every militia-man to provide himself with arms usual in the regular service. But this injunction was always indifferently complied with, and the arms they had have been so frequently called to arm the regulars that in the lower parts of the country they are entirely disarmed.”

So as President, Jefferson successfully urged Congress to appropriate federal funds to provide firearms to state militiamen who did not own their own guns. Congress complied, and during Jefferson’s second term and Madison’s first, “public arms” were supplied at federal expense to state militias all over the nation.

The militia was intended to prevent the conquest of America by a foreign power, but it was also intended to prevent the conquest of American by a central national government and its standing army, At his first inaugural, Jefferson explained that “a well-disciplined militia” is “our best reliance in peace and for the first moments of war, till regulars may relieve them” and also a guarantee of “the supremacy of the civil over the military authority:[and] economy in the public expense.”

As Jefferson understood, there was an intimate connection between sovereignty and the possession of arms. As long the people were armed, the people would rule.

In an 1811 letter to Destutt de Tracy, Jefferson acknowledged that demagogues could arise. But while the force of a demagogue “may paralyze the single State in which it happens to be encamped, sixteen other spread over a country of two thousand miles diameter, rise up on every side, ready organized for deliberation by a constitutional legislature, and for action by their governor, constitutionally, the commander of the militia of the State, that is to say, of every man in it able to bear arms: and that militia, too, regularly formed into regiments and battalions, into infantry, cavalry and artillery, trained under officers general and subordinate, legally appointed, always in readiness, and to whom they are already in habits of obedience.”

In France, thought Jefferson, the republicans fell because there were no local centers to resist national control. “But with us, sixteen out of seventeen States rising in mass, under regular organization, and legal commanders, united in object and action by their Congress, or, if that be in duress, by a special convention, presents such obstacles to an usurper as forever to stifle ambition the first conception of that object.”

Without arms, the weak were the prey to the strong, as in the feudal system of Europe, where the largest and strongest made quasi-slaves of the rest of the society. But as Jefferson explained in his famous October 1813 letter to John Adams, the proliferation of firearms had allowed an aristocracy of virtue and talent to supplant the aristocracy of brute force:

“For I agree with you that there is a natural aristocracy among men. The grounds of this are virtue and talent. Formerly, bodily powers gave place among the aristo. But since the invention of gunpowder has armed the weak as well as the strong with missile death, bodily strength, like beauty, good humor, the politeness and other accomplishments, has become but an auxiliary ground for distraction.”

Because arms and sovereignty were so bound together, Jefferson argued that property ownership should not be the sole basis for voting rights. Anyone who serves in the militia deserved the vote: “Let every man who fights or pays, exercise his just and equal right in their election.” (Letter to Samuel Kercheval, July 12, 1816.)

Indeed, as Chilton Williamson detailed in his 1960 book American Suffrage form Property of Democracy 1760-1860, arguments like Jefferson’s were used throughout the United States to broaden suffrage; property-owner or not, anyone who bore the burden of militia service ought to belong to the polity.

And what of those excluded form the polity? Jefferson recognized that if the salves were ever armed, then slavery would end. As he wrote to Edward Coles in 1814: “Yet the hour of emancipation is advancing, in the march of time. It will come; and whether brought on by the generous energy of our own minds; or by the bloody process of St. Domingo, excited and conducted by the power of our present enemy [England], if once stationed permanently within our Country, and offering asylum and arms to the oppressed, is a leaf which our history not yet turned over.”

Modern gun prohibition advocates sometimes assert that while guns might have been alright in Jefferson’s time, there is too much gun misuse today for people to be allowed to have weapons. The most sophisticated version of this theory is developed by Indiana University law professor David Williams in articles in the Yale, Cornell, and New York University law reviews. Since Americans today are no longer virtuous and united, they are no longer “the people” envisioned by the Second Amendment, Williams writes; accordingly, the Second Amendment right to arms has disappeared.

Jefferson would not have agreed, for he was well familiar with frequent misuse of guns. Writing to his grandson Thomas Jefferson Randolph, he emphasized the necessity “of never entering into dispute or argument with another. I never saw an instance of one of the disputants convincing the other by argument. I have seen many, getting upset, becoming rude, & shooting one another.” If the widespread presence of guns in Jefferson’s Virginia led to needless deaths over petty arguments (just as it was in the 19th century on the American frontier, so it is now), how could Jefferson still champion a right to arms?

Because he recognized that a disarmed people would not, in the long run, remain an independent, responsible, and free people. The price of trying to save fools from their folly would be the liberty of all.

Back in June 1776, three weeks before the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson’s draft constitution for Virginia set forth what would have been the first constitutional proposal in human history to provide for a right to arms. (The 1689 English Bill of  Rights included an arms right, but that measure was only a statute.) Jefferson’s proposal “No freeman shall be debarred the use of arms within his own lands or tenements” was not adopted that year by Virginia.

The Jeffersonian intellectual revolution, however, was only the beginning. When writing in 1824 to the great English Whig John Cartwright, Jefferson could observe: “The constitutions of most of our States assert, that all power is inherent in the people; that it is their right and duty to be armed at all times armed.”

A few days before his death on July 4, 1826 – the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence – Jefferson could see that the revolution he had helped to spark was burning throughout the world: “All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred , ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God.

These are the grounds of hope for others. For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and undiminished devotion to them.”

Take some time out from the sports, hot dogs, hip media hyped music, and cars, and ponder the American Passover, the beginning of a long national journey toward freedom, founded on the truth that God created man to be free. Will you do your part to nurture the legacy of freedom and responsibility bequeathed to you by the great Thomas Jefferson or will you help by apathy allow those who would bring us back into the police state of slavery?

All items quoted in this article can be found in The Portable Thomas Jefferson (Viking, 1975) Google it.

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There is an aristocracy founded on wealth without talents. –Thomas Jefferson

  1. Lack of a rational trade policy.
  2. Lack of union power in the workplace.
  3. Elimination of the real economy for a phantom or phony economy.
  4. Forced Debt

Of all the technological revolutions we have seen in the last 100 years none have altered or as the criminal class would have you believe the fundamental laws of economics.

The greatest law of economics and the one that has been the most abused is that wealth is only produced when you make something. Wall Street doesn’t make anything! To illustrate, when one takes or grows something worthless from the ground and manufactures it to say $1,000.00 of product; selling that product has produced wealth.

On the other hand when you have a stock and buy it for $10 and sell it for $15 dollars you have made $5 but have not created one penny of wealth.

We have been eliminating wealth in the USA since 1980. When the media states the wealth of Americans has dropped 3 to 5 trillion dollars that’s not quite right. The money supply has dropped. The money supply is not even reported any more. We are just printing money at usury and not producing wealth.

In the future look for Forced Debt, higher taxes and less pay.

The Obama Failure

Obama will unfortunately fail with the economy because the only thing he is doing is pumping up the current phony economy, and when this bubble breaks it will not be a corporate failure it will be a governmental failure and who will bail out the government? Nobody you want, but that’s another article.

Unless Obama eliminates this fixed system of paper, crooked gangster banksters and bribed politicians and installs the system of wealth creation we are headed not just for depression but a catastrophe!

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How the Future Economy Looks

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Remember the Past Inform the Future

Now that the controllers have changed the economy to the new normal what have their policies given us? Let’s take a look. Forecasts show there will be 13-14 million new high paying jobs in industries that will create wealth and 6-7 million high and moderate skills, hard work low paying jobs.


  • · Information Technology
  • · Bio Technology
  • · Business Management
  • · New Technologies
  • · Software
  • · Medical Technology
  • · Lots of jobs in the professions
  • · Art and Artists – Even art will be an important addition to middle to upper class jobs. Can you imagine ugly buildings and interiors? No way.
  • · Teaching and Medical jobs will be average pay


  • · Retail
  • · Food preparation
  • · Home health care aids
  • · Airline Flight ground crews, management, Mechanics, Flight attendants and Agents; all will outsourced as much as possible. Those that remain will have low pay and few benefits. A job without a future from an industry whose promises cannot be counted on or believed.
  • · Service work in general
  • · Teaching, trades and medical jobs will be average pay
  • · However we must find a way to reverse these jobs from barely living wage to family supporting jobs above the cost of living. In the past this problem was relieved with regulation of various industries such as airlines; it worked very well.


Taxes- There will be more.

In housing look for less home ownership more renting for flexibility plus people cannot afford a house to begin with though 55-60% will still buy creating a balance between the two.

Medical and education will grow jobs in the cities however these43 jobs don’t create wealth; the foundation of a healthy tax base.

The challenge for our society is to find a way for people to be able to live within their means and have a healthy, productive and happy lifestyle building in time to keep the government from stripping us of our rights to liberty, health, property and freedom.

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There is not enough money in the universe for one greedy man. - Mike

Whenever the super-rich are able to take for themselves the money they are supposed to pay us there are always economic crashes. Our money becomes their hot casino money, history bears witness; the depressions of the 1880′s, the 1920’s the 1980’s S&L crisis, the 1990’s dot com scams, the 2000’s housing bubble, while the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act set the framework or model for middle class job destruction.

Along with this the billionaires have denied us happiness. As a 2010 study of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS states, “Emotional well-being rises with income, but there is no further progress beyond an annual income of $75,000. Low income exacerbates the emotional pain associated with such misfortunes as divorce, ill health, and being alone. We conclude that high income buys life satisfaction but not happiness.” Our subservience to the corporate billionaires has resulted in a perverted form of capitalism called gangster or corporate capitalism which denies this basic list of needs for our society. For example, clean air, water, security, health care, education, food, retirement, wages worth living for and free energy from the earth and space. All this for handful of deranged sociopaths’ desire for a few extra profits they can squeeze out of their workers.

The result of all this is national suicide which will eventually kill us all. When the biggest corporations eliminate all competition and crucify innovation and independent inventors on a cross of gold they will eventually attack and destroy each other in a never ending quest of personal greed and lust for power.

As Thomas Jefferson wrote to George Washington in 1786, “Tho’ the day may be at some distance, beyond the reach of our lives perhaps, yet it will certainly come, when, a single fibre left of the institution, will produce an hereditary aristocracy which will change the form of government from the best to the worst in the world, I shall think little also [of our government’s] longevity unless this germ of destruction be taken out.”

To John Adams in 1813 Jefferson wrote, “The artificial aristocracy is a mischievous ingredient in government, and provision should be made to prevent its ascendance… I think to give them power in order to prevent them from doing mischief, is arming them for it, and increasing instead of remeding the evil.”

Grover Cleveland in his State of the Union Speech 1880 stated, “As we view the achievements of aggregated capitol, we discover the existence of trusts, combinations and monopolies, while the citizen is struggling far in the rear or is trampled to death beneath an Iron heel. Corporations, which should be the carefully restrained creatures of the law and the servants of the people, are fast becoming the people’s masters.” Cleveland was the only Democratic President in the ‘Robber Baron Era.’

Franklin Roosevelt on June 27, 1936

A small group had concentrated into their own hands an almost complete control over other people’s property, other people’s money, other people’s labor, other people’s lives. These economic royalists complain that we seek to overthrow the institutions of America. What they really complain of is that we seek to take away their power. Our allegiance to American institutions requires the over throw of this kind of power.

Solution: Roosevelt put a 94% income tax on the billionaires. Eisenhower kept the tax at 91%. Even Richard Nixon held the billionaires to a 70% tax rate. Today their tax is 35% and look where that’s gotten us.

Our nation will not thrive on the good will trickle down of billionaires combined with a fascist government. As Jefferson said, “Let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.”

We must use the income tax to force the billionaires and corporations to invest in the thrift and ingenuity of our American culture and people; our society, our nation. And we will do this by placing a 100% on anyone making over 1 billion dollars. This will allow us the ‘we’ society to replace the scraps from a billionaires’ table and thus regain our own prosperity, property and happiness.

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In the words of Thomas Paine:

O ye that love mankind! Ye that dare oppose, not only the tyranny, but the tyrant, stand forth! Every spot of the old world is overrun with oppression. Freedom hath been hunted round the globe. Asia, and Africa, have long expelled her. — Europe regards her like a stranger, and England hath given her warning to depart. O! receive the fugitive, and prepare in time an asylum for mankind.

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To the Congress of the United States:

As you assemble for the discharge of the duties you have assumed as the representatives of a free and generous people, your meeting is marked by an interesting and impressive incident. With the expiration of the present session of the Congress the first century of our constitutional existence as a nation will be completed.

Our survival for one hundred years is not sufficient to assure us that we no longer have dangers to fear in the maintenance, with all its promised blessings, of a government rounded upon the freedom of the people. The time rather admonishes us to soberly inquire whether in the past we have always closely kept in the course of safety, and whether we have before us a way plain and clear which leads to happiness and perpetuity.

When the experiment of our Government was undertaken, the chart adopted for our guidance was the Constitution. Departure from the lines there laid down is failure. It is only by a strict adherence to the direction they indicate and by restraint within the limitations they fix that we can furnish proof to the world of the fitness of the American people for self-government.

The equal and exact justice of which we boast as the underlying principle of our institutions should not be confined to the relations of our citizens to each other. The Government itself is under bond to the American people that in the exercise of its functions and powers it will deal with the body of our citizens in a manner scrupulously honest and fair and absolutely just. It has agreed that American citizenship shall be the only credential necessary to justify the claim of equality before the law, and that no condition in life shall give rise to discrimination in the treatment of the people by their Government.

The citizen of our Republic in its early days rigidly insisted upon full compliance with the letter of this bond, and saw stretching out before him a clear field for individual endeavor. His tribute to the support of his Government was measured by the cost of its economical maintenance, and he was secure in the enjoyment of the remaining recompense of his steady and contented toil. In those days the frugality of the people was stamped upon their Government, and was enforced by the free, thoughtful, and intelligent suffrage of the citizen. Combinations, monopolies, and aggregations of capital were either avoided or sternly regulated and restrained. The pomp and glitter of governments less free offered no temptation and presented no delusion to the plain people who, side by side, in friendly competition, wrought for the ennoblement and dignity of man, for the solution of the problem of free government, and for the achievement of the grand destiny awaiting the land which God had given them.

A century has passed. Our cities are the abiding places of wealth and luxury; our manufactories yield fortunes never dreamed of by the fathers of the Republic; our business men are madly striving in the race for riches, and immense aggregations of capital outrun the imagination in the magnitude of their undertakings.

We view with pride and satisfaction this bright picture of our country’s growth and prosperity, while only a closer scrutiny develops a somber shading. Upon more careful inspection we find the wealth and luxury of our cities mingled with poverty and wretchedness and unremunerative toil. A crowded and constantly increasing urban population suggests the impoverishment of rural sections and discontent with agricultural pursuits. The farmer’s son, not satisfied with his father’s simple and laborious life, joins the eager chase for easily acquired wealth.

We discover that the fortunes realized by our manufacturers are no longer solely the reward of sturdy industry and enlightened foresight, but that they result from the discriminating favor of the Government and are largely built upon undue exactions from the masses of our people. The gulf between employers and the employed is constantly widening, and classes are rapidly forming, one comprising the very rich and powerful, while in another are found the toiling poor.

As we view the achievements of aggregated capital, we discover the existence of trusts, combinations, and monopolies, while the citizen is struggling far in the rear or is trampled to death beneath an iron heel. Corporations, which should be the carefully restrained creatures of the law and the servants of the people, are fast becoming the people’s masters.

Still congratulating ourselves upon the wealth and prosperity of our country and complacently contemplating every incident of change inseparable from these conditions, it is our duty as patriotic citizens to inquire at the present stage of our progress how the bond of the Government made with the people has been kept and performed.

Instead of limiting the tribute drawn from our citizens to the necessities of its economical administration, the Government persists in exacting from the substance of the people millions which, unapplied and useless, lie dormant in its Treasury. This flagrant injustice and this breach of faith and obligation add to extortion the danger attending the diversion of the currency of the country from the legitimate channels of business.

Under the same laws by which these results are produced the Government permits many millions more to be added to the cost of the living of our people and to be taken from our consumers, which unreasonably swell the profits of a small but powerful minority.

The people must still be taxed for the support of the Government under the operation of tariff laws. But to the extent that the mass of our citizens are inordinately burdened beyond any useful public purpose and for the benefit of a favored few, the Government, under pretext of an exercise of its taxing power, enters gratuitously into partnership with these favorites, to their advantage and to the injury of a vast majority of our people.

This is not equality before the law.

The existing situation is injurious to the health of our entire body politic. It stifles in those for whose benefit it is permitted all patriotic love of country, and substitutes in its place selfish greed and grasping avarice. Devotion to American citizenship for its own sake and for what it should accomplish as a motive to our nation’s advancement and the happiness of all our people is displaced by the assumption that the Government, instead of being the embodiment of equality, is but an instrumentality through which especial and individual advantages are to be gained.

The arrogance of this assumption is unconcealed. It appears in the sordid disregard of all but personal interests, in the refusal to abate for the benefit of others one iota of selfish advantage, and in combinations to perpetuate such advantages through efforts to control legislation and improperly influence the suffrages of the people.

The grievances of those not included within the circle of these beneficiaries, when fully realized, will surely arouse irritation and discontent. Our farmers, long suffering and patient, struggling in the race of life with the hardest and most unremitting toil, will not fail to see, in spite of misrepresentations and misleading fallacies, that they are obliged to accept such prices for their products as are fixed in foreign markets where they compete with the farmers of the world; that their lands are declining in value while their debts increase, and that without compensating favor they are forced by the action of the Government to pay for the benefit of others such enhanced prices for the things they need that the scanty returns of their labor fail to furnish their support or leave no margin for accumulation.

Our workingmen, enfranchised from all delusions and no longer frightened by the cry that their wages are endangered by a just revision of our tariff laws, will reasonably demand through such revision steadier employment, cheaper means of living in their homes, freedom for themselves and their children from the doom of perpetual servitude, and an open door to their advancement beyond the limits of a laboring class. Others of our citizens, whose comforts and expenditures are measured by moderate salaries and fixed incomes, will insist upon the fairness and justice of cheapening the cost of necessaries for themselves and their families.

When to the selfishness of the beneficiaries of unjust discrimination under our laws there shall be added the discontent of those who suffer from such discrimination, we will realize the fact that the beneficent purposes of our Government, dependent upon the patriotism and contentment of our people, are endangered.

Communism is a hateful thing and a menace to peace and organized government; but the communism of combined wealth and capital, the outgrowth of overweening cupidity and selfishness, which insidiously undermines the justice and integrity of free institutions, is not less dangerous than the communism of oppressed poverty and toil, which, exasperated by injustice and discontent, attacks with wild disorder the citadel of rule.

He mocks the people who proposes that the Government shall protect the rich and that they in turn will care for the laboring poor. Any intermediary between the people and their Government or the least delegation of the care and protection the Government owes to the humblest citizen in the land makes the boast of free institutions a glittering delusion and the pretended boon of American citizenship a shameless imposition.

A just and sensible revision of our tariff laws should be made for the relief of those of our countrymen who suffer under present conditions. Such a revision should receive the support of all who love that justice and equality due to American citizenship; of all who realize that in this justice and equality our Government finds its strength and its power to protect the citizen and his property; of all who believe that the contented competence and comfort of many accord better with the spirit of our institutions than colossal fortunes unfairly gathered in the hands of a few; of all who appreciate that the forbearance and fraternity among our people, which recognize the value of every American interest, are the surest guaranty of our national progress, and of all who desire to see the products of American skill and ingenuity in every market of the world, with a resulting restoration of American commerce.

The necessity of the reduction of our revenues is so apparent as to be generally conceded, but the means by which this end shall be accomplished and the sum of direct benefit which shall result to our citizens present a controversy of the utmost importance. There should be no scheme accepted as satisfactory by which the burdens of the people are only apparently removed. Extravagant appropriations of public money, with all their demoralizing consequences, should not be tolerated, either as a means of relieving the Treasury of its present surplus or as furnishing pretext for resisting a proper reduction in tariff rates. Existing evils and injustice should be honestly recognized, boldly met, and effectively remedied. There should be no cessation of the struggle until a plan is perfected, fair and conservative toward existing industries, but which will reduce the cost to consumers of the necessaries of life, while it provides for our manufacturers the advantage of freer raw materials and permits no injury to the interests of American labor.

The cause for which the battle is waged is comprised within lines clearly and distinctly defined. It should never be compromised. It is the people’s cause.

It can not be denied that the selfish and private interests which are so persistently heard when efforts are made to deal in a just and comprehensive manner with our tariff laws are related to, if they are not responsible for, the sentiment largely prevailing among the people that the General Government is the fountain of individual and private aid; that it may be expected to relieve with paternal care the distress of citizens and communities, and that from the fullness of its Treasury it should, upon the slightest possible pretext of promoting the general good, apply public funds to the benefit of localities and individuals. Nor can it be denied that there is a growing assumption that, as against the Government and in favor of private claims and interests, the usual rules and limitations of business principles and just dealing should be waived.

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